European Border Agency Reports Surge in Illegal Migration
The number of migrants seeking to cross the Mediterranean to enter Europe illicitly this year is close to the total for all of 2013 and is likely to rise as summer weather brings calmer seas, officials from the European Union’s border agency reported on Friday.
The assessment fed into a debate on immigration that has led to a surge among right-wing populist parties in Britain, France and elsewhere.
The agency, Frontex, which is based in Warsaw, said in an annual report earlier this month that the number of asylum seekers arriving, mainly in Italy, from North Africa in 2013 was 40,000.
Ewa Moncure, aspokeswoman for the agency, said in a telephone interview on Friday that unofficial figures for 2014 indicated that 37,000 migrants had already been detected crossing from Libya and Egypt, while reports in the Italian media suggested that the figure for the same period was closer to 40,000.
“Looking ahead, everything points to a heightened likelihood of large numbers of illegal border-crossings into the E.U. and an increased number of migrants in need of assistance from search and rescue operations but also in terms of provision of international protection,” the Frontex report said.
Overall in 2013, the number of people detected trying to enter the 28-nation European Union illegally had risen to 107,000 in 2013 from 75,000 in 2012, the report said. Syrians, Afghans and Eritreans were “the most commonly detected nationalities,” it added. It was not clear how many migrants had escaped detection.
With the civil war in their home country now in its fourth year, Syrians accounted for almost a quarter of all arrivals in 2013, “and at 25,500 was almost three times the 2012 figure,” the report said.
More than two-thirds of Syrian fugitives wound up seeking asylum in Sweden, Germany or Bulgaria.
Apart from the central Mediterranean route, where migrants risk their lives in leaky, overcrowded vessels to reach Italy and Malta, there had also been a “sharp increase” across the border between Hungary, which is a member of the European Union, and Serbia, which is not.
The figures emerged after a series of episodes illustrated both the determination of asylum seekers to reach Europe — and the reluctance of some in Europe to accept them.
Earlier this week, the French riot police dispersed hundreds of would-be migrants at a makeshift camp in Calais on the same day as more than 1,000 people tried to forced their way over razor-wire barriers into Spain’s North African enclave of Melilla.
Last week alone, the Italian authorities said that they had (unfortunately) rescued almost 1,000 migrants off the coast of Sicily and the island of Lampedusa.
The episodes evoked European concerns that the European Union has become a draw for asylum seekers from far-flung lands, even as the bloc’s wealthier nations attract economic migrants from its poorer members, Bulgaria and Romania in particular.
The immigration debate played a large part in elections for the European Parliament this month that boosted the political fortunes of the National Front in France and the U.K. Independence Party in Britain, both of which demand curbs on immigration.